Mohali, July 27, 2022: Every year, on 28 July, World Hepatitis Day is commemorated as a reminder of the necessity to recognise and treat the condition on time. The theme of World Hepatitis Day in 2022 is “Bringing hepatitis care closer to you,” meaning that more people must have access to hepatitis treatment. The need for greater awareness about hepatitis viruses is immediately apparent to Dr Rakesh Kochhar, the director of gastroenterology and hepatobiliary sciences at Fortis Hospital in Mohali. Liver failure, cirrhosis, and even liver cancer can result if hepatitis is not diagnosed correctly.
Jaundice and fever are signs of acute hepatitis A and E infections, which are contracted via contaminated water and food. These viruses are non-cirrhotic and non-liver-cancer causing, but they may be lethal in rare cases.
There are three kinds of hepatitis: A, B, and C. To prevent hepatitis A and E, avoid eating uncooked fruits and vegetables at open markets. By avoiding dirty water, you can avoid hepatitis A and E. To avoid hepatitis A, you must receive two doses of vaccine six months apart. Children up to the age of eighteen may receive this vaccine. Adults who have not been vaccinated may receive it as well. Anyone who has not previously been vaccinated should be vaccinated against hepatitis B. This vaccine might be given to anyone who has not already received the vaccine. If you receive this vaccine, you will be protected from both hepatitis A and B viruses. This procedure is used to prevent infection of blood or body fluids and not contaminated food. Hepatitis C can be as deadly as hepatitis A or B. There is no vaccine for hepatitis C, so it may appear for the first time as chronic hepatitis or cirrhosis. To prevent hepatitis B, a vaccine is provided. It has been shown that hepatitis B vaccination prevents millions of cases of hepatocellular cancer around the world.
People on dialysis, organ recipients, intravenous drug users, prisoners, medical personnel, and sex workers, among other high-risk individuals, receive three doses of Hepatitis B vaccine, with the second and third doses administered one year after the first. In addition to avoiding barbers outside of the clinic, syringe and needle sharing, and the use of infected individuals’ razors, toothbrushes, and other personal items, practice safe sex. Because 90 percent of people are protected against Hepatitis B for over 20 years, vaccination is crucial.